participatory manage• ment models and the rules and norms established by the National System of Conservation Units (SNUC – Lei #, July 18, ). On July 18, , through Law , the Brazilian Government created the National System of Protected Areas (SNUC, in Portuguese), in order to establish a. 15 mar. Lei nº / – SNUC, a PROGE foi, em casos específicos, consultada sobre a legali- dade de retomada de mineração em Flona, tendo as.

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Factsheet: SNUC

Most federal RVS have overall goals related to the protection of natural environments, but they do not mention the preservation of a specific resource, or even seek to protect relatively small areas that safeguard certain aspect or stage of a natural process.

The study investigated the possible origins of the aforementioned category in the SNUC context as well as ,ei inspirations for its definition. Quite crowded public hearings were held in six cities during ldi period. Dias and Pereira describe the change that occurred in the environmental and political perspectives regarding the development and management of Conservation Units since According to Medeirosp.


According to the same author op. Finally, there is the practical difficulty of defining economic activities that could be considered as being of indirect use, so they could be practiced, or even encouraged, within full protection conservation units.

As for the trajectory 998 the environmental issue discussion, protected areas proliferated worldwide lsi the s and human presence in CUs became subject of debates. This context – starting from the category origin, passing through the concepts expressed in the creation of federal RVS, and coming to the everyday management of these CUs – generates difficulties due to the lack of regulation to the category.


However, according to Law No. Protected areas are thus defined by some legal mechanism.

However, Brazil only ratified the Biodiversity Convention in Three of the four other statements obtained by Pureza about the RVS concept explicitly relate the category function to wildlife protection. The national conservation unit system and the wildlife refuge category As for the trajectory of the environmental issue discussion, protected areas proliferated worldwide since the s and human presence in CUs became subject of debates.

Thus, the current study proposes to broaden our perspective regarding the Wildlife Refuge category, not only regarding what appears to be its main aspect, namely: The proposal contained 09 conservation unit categories divided in three groups, namely: However, the current study is not interested in discussing this differentiation; thus, it is important to keep in mind that only the protected areas in the form of conservation units are herein analyzed.

These practices invariably reduce the increasing gain expectations of the owners. They found that preservationism is still the most frequent trend; however, part of the technicians incorporate precepts from the other trends. It is worth emphasizing that this concept did not exist at the time conservation units were being discussed and created; the term used at that time was protected areas.

Parques | Unidades de Conservação

Firstly, it is worth clarifying the difference between protected areas and conservation units. Innovations for conservation and development. It was repealed by Decree No.

However, the bill did not present the definition of ‘indirect use’. The Wildlife Refuge category was created from assumptions related to the protection of specific resources of restricted spatial or eli seasonal occurrence, especially those concerning the fauna.

Souza even suggests the category extinction or its displacement snnuc the group of sustainable use conservation units. In addition, it is in a way linked to species, rather than to the overall environment, and it is also related to small areas. This definition was included in Feldmann’s clean bill as “the one that snkc not involve consumption, collection, damage or destruction of natural resources” SOUZA,Annex A and thus, it was kept in the SNUC publication.


Thus, preservationism and conservationism began to share space. Inthe predecessor of the concept of sustainable development emerged in Stockholm.

On the other hand, Derani cited by Medeiros, Irving and Garaypoints out that the Full Protection Units should not be subjected to urbanization or to agriculture. April 04, ; Accepted: However, the exception is limited to what is provided in the management plan – the management document based on the CU overall goals – which establishes the unit zoning as well as the natural resources management standards.

Regarding the Amazon, the same plan determined the immediate establishment of National Parks and Forests.

The current study is a call for reflection and it does not intend to exhaust the debates and implementations that are essential to understand the role played by the Wildlife Refuge Conservation Unit category in Brazil.

The environmental crisis may be interpreted as a reflection of the instrumental rationality limits. It could be concluded that the difficulties generated by the category location in an intersection between full protection and sustainable use, combined with the lack of regulation, are expressed in many different levels of relationship with the RVS. In this case, the only land use option would be ecotourism, which can be considered as being of indirect use.