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The effect of mobility since on the unemployment rate and wages in the destination countries has been estimated to be marginal, at least in the long-run Lacey Act Implementation Plan: This provision is based on the general principle that the Member State which has received the contributions shall also bear the burden of the unemployment benefits.

The benefits are provided by the Member State of residence without a supplement by the competent Member State even if the benefits in the Member State of residence, or the amount of reimbursement, are at a lower level than in the competent Member State.

Where benefits are only available in the form of services, the competent Member State would reimburse the relevant services provided for in the Member State of residence according to the rates applicable in the Member State of residence. It may also have the unwanted effect of dis – incentivising the search for work in another Member State.

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The consequence of this uneven application of the rules is legal uncertainty which may result in the situation that an unemployed person who has not been insured for long enough in the competent Member State is neither entitled to unemployment benefits in the State of last activity nor in the former State where they previously worked. It offers the maximum level of protection to the person, formqto this not being the aim of the Regulations. The rules on the coordination of social security have been adapted several times to ensure that they reflect aav and societal changes in Europe.


The full study is attached in Annex XIV. The German system also provides care benefits in kind which can be claimed by formayo pensioner, such as trained carers who visit elderly persons to provide assistance their home. The essence of social security coordination is about ‘linking’ a person to a social security system, determining where he or she needs to pay social security contributions and where to claim for social security benefits, if required.

Clarity of the legal rule on aggregation will be improved by elminating the divergent interpretations. They may be considered the “oil” that eases the wheels of free movement, facilitating the process of mobility but not compelling or incentivising mobility itself.

Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Free movement would not be possible without the guarantee that citizens do not lose their social security protection when moving to another Member State. Current Coordination Rules for Unemployment Benefits.

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It could lead to the situation that more Member States apply their own interpretation of the current rules in a restrictive way thus reducing legal certainty and risking that mobile EU workers will lose out on rights.

There are large differences between the salaries across the 23 Member States surveyedand it should be borne in mind that data limitations are even more significant than for the other options as the economic impact for this option could only be estimated for some 14 Member States.

Export of Unemployment Benefits. The fear that taking up a position in another Member State could lead to a loss of social protection, might discourage mobile EU workers from exercising their right to freedom of movement there by constitut ing an obstacle to that freedom.

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Third-country nationals who live and work in more than one Member State are also part of the intra-EU mobile labour force and therefore participate to the much needed mobility of workforce across EU countries 12 Jobseekers who intend to look for work in another country shall request a certificate, namely the Portable Document U2 PD U2 — Retention of unemployment benefits before departure which certifies their right to continue to draw unemployment benefit.


Also, all Member States have benefits in kind and in cash that can qualify as ‘long-term care benefits’ Formalization of the “one day rule”.

It should also be noted that since 1 Junecitizens from third countries who are legally residing in an EU Member State and whose situation is not confined within a single Member State also have rights under the EU social security coordination rules.

In relation to secondary impactssome cautious estimates of the impact upon mobility flows have been done on the basis of studies in a selected number of States: In respect of unemployment, the rules require that only periods of insurance, employment and self-employment completed in different Member States have to be aggregated.

If the employment history of the mobile worker in the Member State which has to aggregate should sufficiently represent the link to the labour market in that State, introducing a minimum period of insurance or work of: The number of cross-border users of long-term care benefits, who are today The artist said the tree represents the tree of life and the fruit of the gospel.

The competent Member State would then reimburse the benefits in cash provided by the Member State of residence.


This can be done at the actual or at fixed level of expenses, depending on the national system, as shown in the accounts of the Member State of residence Affiliation to the system of the State of residence needs to be assimilated in cases where a person is not covered by the legislation of the State of residence.

A balanced approach to mobility is therefore needed both in order to maximise the benefits, while minimising possible unwanted consequences: In all, this option would not contribute fotmato an even financial burden sharing between Member States, and would make the system harder to administer for the competent Member State. Problems with the export of family benefits and drivers behind them.