The Bardoli Satyagraha, was a movement in the independence struggle led by Sardar Vallabhai Patel for the farmers of Bardoli against. Myth and reality in the Bardoli Satyagraha ‐ a study in Gandhian politics Essays in Gandhian Politics — Rowlatt Satyagraha of (Oxford, ). The peasants who participated in the Bardoli Satyagraha of did not form a homogeneous group. They belonged to different castes and different social and.
|Published (Last):||27 November 2008|
|PDF File Size:||10.29 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||4.22 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Aided by Parikh, Vyas and Pandya, he divided Bardoli into several zones — each with a leader and volunteers specifically assigned.
But Patel refused permission to enthusiastic supporters in Gujarat and other parts of India from going on sympathetic protest. Retrieved from ” https: Dhanagare has raised the issue as to what extent the satyagraha was a reality or a myth created by the Gandhians. That every such awakening, every baddoli effort as that of Bardoli will bring swaraj nearer and may bring it nearer even then any direct effort is undoubtedly true.
University of California Press. He would not lead them unless he had the unanimous understanding and agreement of all the villages involved. They set up an inquiry committee to go into the issue. It was after Bardoli that Sardar Patel became one of India’s most important leaders.
Above all, Patel instructed the farmers to remain completely non-violent, and not respond physically to any incitements or aggressive actions from officials. Looking to the national importance of Bardoli the British government took a soft-line. But not a single man from Gujarat or anywhere else in India came forward to buy them. The British government thus had high stakes in the Bardoli agitation.
Dhanagare argues that the status of the Kali Paraj peasants was that satyqgraha a serf of medieval Europe. Cornish Rebellion of But Gandhi and Patel agreed that neither the Congress nor Gandhi would directly involve themselves, and the struggle left entirely to the people of Bardoli taluka.
In this connection it may be said that Patel was in-charge of the whole agitation.
Vallabh Bhai Patel was contacted by the local leaders to take up the leadership of movement. Inan agreement was finally brokered by a Parsi member of the Bombay government. The situation for the farmers was grave enough that they barely had enough property and crops to pay satyagrana the tax, let alone for feeding themselves afterwards.
The Pathans and the men of the collectors forced themselves into the houses and took all property, including cattle resisters had begun keeping their cattle inside their locked homes when the collectors were about, in order to prevent them from seizing the animals from the fields.
The Bardoli satyagraha was launched in mid-February There was also one village recorded that paid the tax.
Documents on Bardoli Satyagraha | Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
But, surely, the movement provided strength to the national freedom struggle. There is an interesting anecdote given by Gandhiji in Harijan. The farmers celebrated their victory, but Patel continued to work to ensure that all lands and properties were returned to every farmer, and that no one was left out.
Patel told a delegation of farmers frankly that if they should realize fully what a revolt would imply. Some of the Patidars also worked in London and Africa. They saryagraha face complete decimation. He says that Patidars were the dominant cultivators in Surat taluka.
Gandhi, Women, and the National Movement, Patel then asked Gandhi to consider the matter.
Bardoli Satyagraha UPSC
He reassured them that the struggle would not end until not only the cancellation of all taxes for the year, but also when all the seized property and lands were returned to their rightful owners. Patel first wrote to the Governor of Bombay, asking him to reduce the taxes for the year in face of the calamities.
This increase in land tax was immediately opposed by the Congressmen. The fact of the matter is that the Hali cultivated the lands owned by upper caste people like Patidars, Anavil Brahmins and also Rajputs. The problem of Hali Pratha, which was highly exploitative, was not raised at all by the movement.
The constructive programmes also trained the youths to prepare for non-violence and satyagraha movement. He wrote to the government to fulfil the demands of the peasants. Sundaram Abbas Tyabji Ravishankar Vyas. But the Governor ignored the letter, and reciprocated by announcing the date of collection. The farmers received complete support from their compatriots in Gujarat.
The Government declared that it would crush the revolt. It was for the first time that an army of non-violent workers was developed.
Other ways social boycott was enforced against landowners who broke with the tax strike or purchased seized land were to refuse to rent their fields or to work as laborers for them. Patel had previously guided Gujarat’s farmers abrdoli the Kheda struggle, and had served recently as Ahmedabad ‘s municipal president. As regards the cultivating landowners, 50, acres of land were forfeited though not sold.
A complete social boycott was organized against them, wherein relatives broke their ties to families in satyafraha village.