CANDIDAL BALANITIS. DEFINITION. Balanitis refers to inflammation of the glans . The most common cause of balanitis is Candida albicans. In common usage, “balanitis” and “balanoposthitis” are interchangeable, although balanoposthitis occurs only in uncircumcised males. For the. Zoon balanitis (ZB) is one of the benign nonvenereal dermatoses, which presents as a solitary, persistent erythematous plaque usually on the glans penis.

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YAG laser can be finely adapted to this clinical scenario. Patients should be followed up for at least 5 years although lifelong follow-up would be better as it will give a precise insight about the natural course of this condition. Fusidic acid cream in the treatment of plasma cell balanitis.

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It is relatively simple to differentiate the premalignant lesions from ZB histopathologically as one can see dysplastic epithelium in balanopostitiis premalignant lesions while it is absent in case of ZB. All the genital lesions are not sexually transmitted.

Zoon balanitis ZB is one of the nonvenereal conditions, which usually affects middle-aged to older men who are uncircumcised. Abstract The diagnosis and management of nonvenereal diseases are always a tough challenge for the dermatologist due to lack of studies on its diagnostic criteria and standard treatment guidelines. InZoon first recognized this entity in eight male patients with chronic balanitis.


Therapeutic efficacy of topical calcineurin inhibitors in plasma cell balanitis: This article provides an overview of the epidemiology, clinical presentation, histopathological features, and diagnostic criteria and diagnostic methods of ZB.

Erythroplasia of the female genitalia.

Balanitis – Wikipedia

balanopostiis Circumcision debate Inflammations Penis disorders Theriogenology. In addition to this, it is rather very important to differentiate this lesion from its clinical equivocal lesions such as erythroplasia of Queyrat, infective and other inflammatory penile dermatoses, which has been discussed in this review.

On the detailed scan of literature, there are four case reports, i.

It is usually asymptomatic and patient only presents with change in appearance of the genitalia. Orange-red shiny plaque on the glans penis and undersurface of the prepuce.

Medical management [ Table 2 ] Table 2 Various medical management of Zoon’s balanitis. Plasma cell balanitis of Zoon treated successfully with topical tacrolimus. Clinicopathologic study of cases and treatment modalities.

Erythroplasia of Queyrat of the glans penis on a background of Zoon’s plasma cell balanitis. There is a scarcity of published data regarding the incidence and prevalence of ZB.

Zoon balanitis: A comprehensive review

Circumcision is the definite treatment of ZB according to the European guidelines for the management of balanoposthitis. Starritt E, Lee S. Balanitis Inflammation of the glans penis and the preputial mucosa of a circumcised penis Specialty Urology Balanitis is inflammation of the glans penis.


It may be associated with siderophages i. Furthermore, fixed drug eruption, allergic contact dermatitis, genital herpes, pemphigus vulgaris, flexural psoriasis, and Reiter’s disease should be differentiated from ZB. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. Candidiaeica authors have found an association between ZB and erythroplasia of Queyrat; while others believe that ZB can precede carcinoma of the penis, supposing that the carcinogenic changes may arise in the chronically inflamed mucosa of ZB.

Zoon balanitis: A comprehensive review

Nikolowski W, Wiehl R. Although it is described as benign in nature, its association with premalignant conditions such as erythroplasia of Queyrat really caneidiasica the clinician in a great dilemma. Hague J, Ilchyshyn A. Balanitis is uncommon in circumcised men and in many cases preputial dysfunction is a causal or contributing factor.

Although it was described by Zoon inits etiopathogenesis still remains hypothetical. Report of two cases of a benign from plasmacytosis pudendi Arch Dermatol. YAG laser – Few studies have reported Er: Gerbig AW, Hunziker T. It is most commonly located on balanopostotis glans penis, but inner surface of prepuce and coronal sulcus may be involved.