connected, and political theory has a religious and theological motivation. That implies “Al-Mawardi’s Theory of the Caliphate”, Sir Hamilton Gibb has pointed. Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi known in Latin as Alboacen ( CE), was an Islamic jurist of the Shafi’i school most remembered for his works on religion, government, the caliphate, and public and constitutional law during a time of political turmoil. the Mu’tazila school of thought, the great (orthodox) Shafi’i jurist al-Subki (d. /) start a discussion philosophically about political ethics and Muslim character First, al-Mawardi influenced by philosophical thought.

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And at any rate the conception of the state was never clear. And because the jurists failed to mawarddi sufficient material in the Quran to construct a detailed political theory, they spent greater pains in exploring the Sunnah and the archives of early Islamic History to realize their purpose. Al-Mawardi relies solely upon thepry Quran without reference to any other source of law.

The juridical opinion referred to above is that a blind person is unqualified to give witness or sit as a judge in a court of law; he is, therefore, much more unqualified to serve as the Head of the State.

Friday, August 20, This was a clear departure from the principle of the Caliphate enunciated by al-Mawardi in the earlier part of his book. The person who feels fear cannot prove himself a good leader. Al-Mawardi says that the existing imam can nominate more than one Imam to succeed one another in turn. S when He appointed him His Caliph: This principle has been elaborated by al-Mawardi with great care and legal acumen.

The ideas of absolution of the Caliph and of divine right were entirely foreign to them. A and Hazrat Ali R. These principles are as follows: His well-known extant works are: Appointed as the chief judge over several districts near Nishapur in Iranand Baghdad itself, al-Mawardi also served as a diplomat for the Abbasid caliphs al-Qa’im and al-Qadir in negotiations with the Buyid emirs. His immediate aim of emancipating the Sunni Caliphate of the Abbasids from the Buwayhid tyranny was so providently realized in his own lifetime, that it must be counted as one of his remarkable achievements.


Please try again later. They however, took pains to preserve the original pattern of succession b y nomination and limited election within the House of Umayyad.

Edinburgh Research Archive

The existence of two Imams contemporaneously is illegal. If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. Imam must be a symbol of morality and justice.

These questions are responsible mawarei the sects in Islam. He had already before him the precedent of the Umayyads. A non-Muslim citizen may be appointed as minister execution.

If there is only one suitable candidate for the Imamate, he automatically becomes the Imam, and election is required. A closer examination theogy his work, however, discloses that he is not a mere recorder of facts handed down to him but a shrewd statesman and diplomat. It is related that he did not publish any of his works in his lifetime.

The moral change is of two kinds:. Theory of Caliphate or Imamate: The office is similar to the secretary to the government in modern times.

Mawardi, Abu al-Hasan al- – Oxford Islamic Studies Online

Mawardi is to describe the qualification of the voters. The maintenance of law and order in the country, to make it possible for the people to lead a peaceful life, and proceed to their economic activities freely and travel in the land without fear.

Whatever the form of the government may be, it must be upon the principle of popular representation, because based sovereignty belongs to the people. He did not discuss the meaning, scope, jurisdiction, and obligations of the State, gave no conception of sovereignty, and were completely ignorant of the idea of a constitutional democracy.


It is called wasiah. The holy Quran is not to answer the question whether there is any need of Imamate? It demolished the artificial barriers of color and creed and brought the poor and the rich at one platform.

The give justice with impartiality is a difficult and complicated task. Besides, the Quran does not aim at creating a state but a society. Societies are need of such leaders who are trustworthy and who are supported by all the people of the state. Subscriber Services Contact Us Help.

This is undoubtedly the main duty of the Imam under the Shariah. Very rationally he makes full endeavors to demonstrate the necessity of the Imamate and he proves it not only by referring the Islamic law but lays down a general proposition that it mawarvi in the nature of man or rather those among men who are superior to others in intellect that they should hand over their affairs to one who can keep them from being tyrannized over by others and should have the power of adjudging between them in case of mutual quarrels.

Al-Mawardi is of the view that the office of imam established after the pouse caliphs. For one hundred years of Umayyad rule the struggle between these two forces continued.

He was not very original in what he did. Internet URLs are the best. He should curb the strong from showing harshness to the weak, and encourage the weak to take his due in the teeth of opposition of the strong.